Typography

VIEW IN CLAY

A basic reference for the definition of the visual identity and the organization of the content.

Font Stacks

Lexicon uses two text styles exclusively: A sans serif one, which is the main style, and a monospaced one used to render code.

Lexicon takes an agnostic approach to typography, due to the customizable, multi-language, and multi-platform nature of Liferay's products. Therefore, Lexicon doesn't include any specific font family as part of its framework. Instead, it relies on the native font family of the user's operating system. This way we avoid web-font delivery services or font files stored on the server.

Lexicon and Clay embrace the standard known as "Native Font Stack" as the basis for its typographic source. The tables in the sections below list the font families available for each operating system's native font stack.

Sans Serif

For sans serif style, using Bootstrap's native font stack as inspiration, we also include families for Ubuntu, Oxygen, and Gnome operating systems:

OSFont Family
WindowsSegoe UI
MacOS & iOSSan Francisco
Chrome OS & AndroidRoboto
UbuntuUbuntu
OxygenOSOxygen
CantarellGnome
Basic web fallbacksArial, Helvetica Neue, sans-serif
Emoji FontsApple Color Emoji, Segoe UI Emoji, Segoe UI Symbol

Monospaced

For monospaced style, we also follow the same approach as Bootstrap:

OSFont Family
WindowsSegoe UI
MacOS & iOSSan Francisco
Chrome OS & AndroidRoboto
Basic web fallbackCourier New, monospaced

Since Mac OS is the most widely used operating system for design tasks in Liferay and in general, we have decided to use the San Francisco font family for the visual examples in both the technical documentation and in the Lexicon Site.

Type Scale

As we approached the foundational elements with simplification and standardization in mind, so too have we approached type scale. Lexicon's type scale is based on Bootstrap and follows one of the most widely used type scales in web products today.

Lexicon's type scale is based on an initial increase of 2px that grows to 4px in larger font sizes to favor contrast and improve readability. It follows a non-linear arithmetic progression that's understandable and easy to use in both simple and complex applications.

pxremexample
10px0.625remDesign matters
12px0.75remDesign matters
14px0.875remDesign matters
16px1remDesign matters
18px1.125remDesign matters
20px1.25remDesign matters
24px1.5remDesign matters
28px1.75remDesign matters
32px2remDesign matters
36px2.25remDesign matters
40px2.5remDesign matters

Basic Formatting

Line Height

Lexicon uses two reference line heights for its typography: A standard line height with a 1:1.5 ratio and another one used for headings with a 1:1.25 ratio.

1:1.5 is one of the most common line height ratios used in web development right now. A body font of 16px (1rem) returns a value of 24px (1.5rem), which is the main reference measurement for the vertical organization of content in Lexicon.

Using a minimum value of 1.5 for the line-height for main paragraph content also improves accessibility for people with low vision or cognitive concerns such as Dyslexia.

We perceive the space between large font sizes a bit differently. The white space between lines appears more prominent. Therefore, it is considered best practice to reduce the line height in font sizes that are 20 pixels or larger. The same is true for uppercase texts. Therefore uppercase headings in Lexicon, despite only being 12px and 14px, also use a ratio of 1:1.25.

Line Heightratio
Standard1:1.5
Secondary1:1.25

Lexicon's Line height only applies to texts elements that run more than one line, such as paragraphs, headlines, and list group items. For the remainder of the UI elements that contain text, such as buttons, single line input fields, stickers, badges, or labels, this value is defined by the implementation.

Font Weight

For efficiency and simplicity, Lexicon only incorporates three font weights for content:

Font WeightReference
Regular400
Semibold600
Bold700

The use cases for each font weight are covered in the "Type Styles" section.

Letter Case

Lexicon uses lowercase as a basis, regardless of the specific capitalization rules. Uppercase is only used as a hierarchy resource in the section divider pattern used in dataset display views and forms.

The use cases for each letter case are covered in the "Type Styles" section.

Line Length

To provide optimal reading conditions, we recommend that you use a line width within a range between 60 and 100 characters, including spacing, for medium and long text blocks. This gives a good flow to the reading and reduces the potential for straining the reader's eyes.

line length expalanatory image

Type styles

The tables in this section show the format combinations that are available in Lexicon, along with reference examples.

Headings

Font SizeLine HeightFont WeightLetter CaseUse Example
12px / 0.75rem1.25600 (semibold)UppercaseDataset section divider
14px / 0.875rem1.25600 (semibold)UppercaseForm section divider
16px / 1rem1.25700 (bold)LowercaseApplication and Page titles
20px / 1.25rem1.25700 (bold)LowercaseForm title
24px / 1.5rem1.25700 (bold)LowercaseAsset title in asset display widgets
28px / 1.75rem1.25700 (bold)LowercaseBlog Entry title in blogs widget
36px / 2.25rem1.25700 (bold)LowercaseBlog Entry Detail title

Paragraph

Font SizeLine HeightFont WeightLetter CaseUse Example
16px / 1rem1.5400 (regular)LowercaseMid-long read text

The paragraph element incorporates a bottom margin of 0.75rem (12px) to define the separation between text blocks.

General UI Elements

The Lexicon UI elements are styled using a combination of the format values described on this page. You can check the font attributes of each element on its specific page.

Content Alingment

Content aligment is relevant for readability. Respecting some basic rules, 1rem spacing, make your text easier to consume. Please follow the advices in the images:

Do
two buttons of same height in a row
Don't
two buttons of same height in a row
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